Mary's County on March 25, 1634 (the anniversary of this landing being annually celebrated as Maryland Day).
The passengers arrived in two vessels, the Ark and the Dove, which had set sail from the Isle of Wight on November 22, 1633.
The Maryland International Raceway (Budd's Creek) attracts many auto racing enthusiasts. Marys County has some of the oldest still-standing buildings in English North America.
Instead it was used as a base for the settlers while scouting for a more suitable site. Marys River was chosen for numerous reasons, and became the site of the first permanent settlement. In 1649, Lord Baltimore, with the Maryland General Assembly, passed the Maryland Toleration Act, which provided religious freedom for any (Christian) sect, and which was the first law of its kind in the New World. Mary's City commemorating this event, along with extensive museums, a reconstructed Colonial town, living history actors, and a replica of the Maryland Dove. Mary's County is where Francis Scott Key, the author of a poem which became The Star Spangled Banner, and professional wrestler Scott Hall grew up. Mary's County was the birthplace of Dashiell Hammett, and Orlando "Tubby" Smith, head basketball coach at Texas Tech.
The largest employer is Patuxent River Naval Air Station and its related aerospace contract firms.
The county is also home to the first Catholic Mass celebrated in one of the original thirteen colonies -after they'd become English colonies (masses were said in 1526-7 at San Miguel de Gualdape). Mary's City, Maryland is the site of the first Maryland Capitol and remained so for over 50 years until 1695, when the capitol was moved to Annapolis. Mary's City is a major attraction in Maryland with four museums, a reconstructed colonial village and the reconstructed Maryland Dove settlers ship.
The settlement of Lord Baltimore's Maryland began with the arrival of passengers from England at St.Clement's Island in the Potomac River in what is now southwestern St.There are both Amish and Mennonite communities who follow traditional ways.Tobacco, once dominant crop, has declined in recent years.
Mary's County comprises the California-Lexington Park, MD Metropolitan Statistical Area, which is also included in the Washington-Baltimore-Arlington, DC-MD-VA-WV-PA Combined Statistical Area. The county was the home to the first Maryland Colony, and the first capitol of the Colony of Maryland.Settled by English Catholics, it is considered to be the birthplace of religious freedom in North America, at a time when the British colonies were settled primarily by Protestants. Mary's County has been traditionally known for its unique and historic culture of Chesapeake Bay tidewater farming, fishing and crabbing communities.