However, human trafficking occurred on a massive scale at the hands of the state.In the 1940s and 1950s, more than 250,000 Moldovans were deported to labor camps in Siberia.Throughout hundreds of years of changing rule, human trafficking was regular practice.Captives from this region were carted to far off lands in Europe and the Middle East, bought and sold as sex and labor slaves.
Moldova is a small country surrounded by Romania and Ukraine.
This former Soviet republic was known for its agricultural production, as the breadbasket of the USSR.
The region that is currently the Republic of Moldova has had a tumultuous history.
For centuries, Moldova has experienced constant invasion and occupation by the Romans, Huns, Tatars, Ottomans, Mongols, Turks and Hungarians to name a few.
Until it declared independence in 1991, shifting identity and oppression have characterized Moldovan history and culture.
During the era of the USSR, human trafficking by crime groups was low.