On January 14, 1865, the Legislature of Territorial Washington incorporated the Town of Seattle with a board of trustees managing the city.Logging was Seattle's first major industry, but by the late-19th century, the city had become a commercial and shipbuilding center as a gateway to Alaska during the Klondike Gold Rush.By 1910, Seattle was one of the 25 largest cities in the country.The jazz scene developed the early careers of Ray Charles, Quincy Jones, Ernestine Anderson, and others.Seattle is also the birthplace of rock musician Jimi Hendrix and the alternative rock subgenre grunge. Charles Terry and John Low remained at the original landing location and reestablished their old land claim and called it "New York", but renamed "New York Alki" in April 1853, from a Chinook word meaning, roughly, "by and by" or "someday".The name "Seattle" appears on official Washington Territory papers dated May 23, 1853, when the first plats for the village were filed.
The city is situated on an isthmus between Puget Sound (an inlet of the Pacific Ocean) and Lake Washington, about 100 miles (160 km) south of the Canada–United States border.
A major gateway for trade with Asia, Seattle is the third largest port in North America in terms of container handling as of 2015 The settlement was moved to the eastern shore of Elliott Bay and named "Seattle" in 1852, after Chief Si'ahl of the local Duwamish and Suquamish tribes.
Seattle is also home to several colleges and universities, most notably the University of Washington, located in the University District northeast of downtown.
The Seattle area developed as a technology center beginning in the 1980s, with companies like Microsoft becoming established in the region.
However, the Great Depression severely damaged the city's economy.Growth returned during and after World War II partially due to the local Boeing company, which established Seattle as a center for aircraft manufacturing.