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The county was bordered to the south by the county of Cambrai and to the east by the pagus Lommensis, which later developed into the county of Namur.Ecclesiastically, most of the county fell within the jurisdiction of the bishop of Cambrai, in the archbishopric of Reims, although the northern and eastern parts were probably controlled by the bishop of Lige, in the ecclesiastical province of Kln.


The Annales Hanoni, on the other hand, specify only four counts named Reginar in the introductory Chapter VIII (in a line, father to son) and in the more detailed later chapters only three, with remarkably few details about their lives.Information on the precise family relationships between the different counts Reginar is surprisingly sparse in the other primary sources so far consulted.The county's geographic proximity to France ensured strong French political and linguistic influence in its development.However, as with the neighbouring county of Flanders, there were jurisdictional conflicts with the empire.

Politically, Hainaut lay within imperial jurisdiction and formed part of the kingdom of Lotharingia after the 843 treaty of Verdun.The division of Lotharingian territories agreed 8 Aug 870 between Ludwig II "der Deutsche" King of the East Franks and his half-brother Charles II "le Chauve" King of the West Franks allocated "comitatum Hainoum" to King Charles.



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