For other uses, see America (disambiguation), US (disambiguation), USA (disambiguation), and United States (disambiguation). For the landmass encompassing North and South America, see Americas. Algonquian, Cherokee, and Sioux are among many other official languages in Native-controlled lands throughout the country. English is the official language of 32 states; English and Hawaiian are both official languages in Hawaii, and English and 20 Native American languages are official in Alaska.The current constitution was adopted in 1788, after the Articles of Confederation, adopted in 1781, were felt to have provided inadequate federal powers.On July 4, 1776, as the colonies were fighting Great Britain in the American Revolutionary War, delegates from the 13 colonies unanimously adopted the Declaration of Independence.The war ended in 1783 with recognition of the independence of the United States by Great Britain, and was the first successful war of independence against a European colonial empire.
The 48 contiguous states and federal district are in central North America between Canada and Mexico, with the state of Alaska in the northwestern part of North America and the state of Hawaii comprising an archipelago in the mid-Pacific.
The territories are scattered about the Pacific Ocean and the Caribbean Sea. and its largest city is New York City; other major metropolitan areas include Los Angeles, Chicago, Dallas, San Francisco, Boston, Philadelphia, Houston, Atlanta, and Miami.
French is a de facto, but unofficial, language in Maine and Louisiana, while New Mexico law grants Spanish a special status.
In five territories, English as well as one or more indigenous languages are official: Spanish in Puerto Rico, Samoan in American Samoa, Chamorro in both Guam and the Northern Mariana Islands.
Carolinian is also an official language in the Northern Mariana Islands.
The United States of America (USA), commonly referred to as the United States (U. It is composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, and various possessions.