There are no maps of Aboriginal reserves and settlements in Ontario, Québec or the Atlantic Provinces.
In order for reserve lands to be withdrawn from future sale and settlement by the non-Aboriginal community, a complete legal description of the land had to be filed with federal agencies and local land registry offices.
Maps and plans were inevitably included as a fundamental part of the legal description of any reserve.
They range from rough sketch plans that accompanied letters to government officials, to one-of-a-kind cadastral plans, to mass-produced maps intended for public dissemination.
Although this database is extensive, it is not necessarily a complete listing of all the cartographic holdings on western reserves in the Library and Archives Canada.
Later, they were also part of any development that took place once the lands were designated.
Over the years, a great many cartographic records have been created by federal agencies responsible for the administration of Aboriginal affairs in western Canada.
Approximately 1,200 items, now in the public domain, have been digitized.The item-level descriptions used in this database are written in the language of the original map or plan; most of the descriptions are in English.