Dating iron artefacts


In 1851, Hiram de Witt, of Springfield, Massachusetts, accidentally dropped a fist sized piece of gold bearing quartz that he had brought back from California.The rock broke apart in the fall, and inside it de Witt found a 2" cut iron nail, slightly corroded.The answer is that the concretion itself is not Ordovician.Minerals in solution can harden around an intrusive object dropped in a crack or simply left on the ground if the source rock (in this case, reportedly Ordovician) is chemically soluble (Cole, 1985)."It was entirely straight and had a perfect head," reported A nail partially embedded in a block of stone taken from Kingoodie quarry in Scotland was described at a meeting of the British Association for the Advancement of Science in 1845, Sir David Brewster, who gave the report, said that about an inch of the nail was embedded, the rest lying along the stone and projecting into a layer of gravel, where it had rusted.The depth from which the 9" thick block of stone bearing the nail had been removed is not on record, but the quarry was said to have been worked for about twenty years prior to the discovery.

The Baigong Cave in China is the location of numerous ancient underground 'metal pipes' that were discovered in the beginning of the 20th century. has gained notoriety in recent years following its display in an exhibition of anomalous artefacts in the year 2000.Traditional science has provided one or two explanations for their presence, but as yet there is no definite answer as to how or why the pipes exist where they do, as they run through the ground and even into the nearby lake. It is a perfect example of the anomalous nature of some archaeological discoveries. The Hammer is identical to commonly used 19th century miners hammers, of American provenance.An "iron instrument" apparently resembling the bit of a coal drill, was found inside a lump of coal taken from an excavation in Scotland in 1852 (Scotland again! It was at first supposed that a miner had broken his drill while working the seam and had left the piece of metal embedded there.But the surface of the coal was unbroken: it showed no signs of drilling or any present or former opening by which the drill might have passed into it's interior.

There is no evidence of an associated pyramid, as is normally reported, but the idea that they are fossilised tree roots remains unsatisfactory making the Baigong pipes one of todays more interesting modern O. On the one hand, we are presented with a hammer, clearly of human design; While on the other hand, it is embedded in a rock found in a region formed of predominantly cretaceous rock. It was soon pointed out by the geologist NCSE researcher John Cole that minerals dissolved from ancient strata can harden around a recent object The stone is real, and it looks impressive to someone unfamiliar with geological processes.

The sandstone, within which the hammer has become embedded was dated by dr. How could a modern artefact be stuck in Ordovician rock?


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