The name of the country means "depths." It was so named by Christopher Columbus on his fourth voyage because of the deep waters at the mouth of the Tinto o Negro River off the Mosquito Coast.
Regional traditions exist in the south (Choluteca and Valle) and the north coast as well as among the minority ethnic groups.
They do not use a special name to refer to themselves or their region. The nation has an area of 43,266 miles (112,492 square kilometers). The physical environment is tropical, with a long dry season (six months or more) in the south and the interior and a shorter dry season in the north.
The north coast was once primarily rain forest, but much of it has been cleared for commercial banana plantations. It includes the "Mosquito Coast," which is actually a long series of white sand beaches and freshwater lagoons.
Inland from the coast, the Mosquitia has one of the last great stands of tropical rain forest left in North America, plus pine woods and grasslands.
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Hondureño catracho (the national nickname; can be amusing, insulting, or friendly, depending on the context."Catracho" comes from the name of Florencio Xatruch, the general who led the Honduran expeditionary force against William Walker in Nicaragua in 1856.) Identification.