Origins and History The Pentecostal movement is made up of many different churches, grouped together out of a similarity in emphasis a belief in the physical manifestation of the Holy Spirit, especially signified by speaking in strange languages speaking in tongues).
The inspiration for the Pentecostal movement is the festival of Pentecost, which marks the coming of the Holy Spirit to the apostles 50 days after Easter, as described in the Book of the Acts of the Apostles in the New Testament.
Key Movements Pentecostalism has tended towards growth around individuals and the creation of breakaway or new movements, rather than strong associations or institutional forms.
The oldest and largest Pentecostal body in Australia is the Assemblies of God which embraces about 50% of Pentecostal groupings.
From the middle of the 19th Century, a particular strand of personal holiness teaching emerged within Protestant groups which asserted that, after conversion, a second experience was possible in which the convert would be brought into a state of cleansing from sin as they prepared themselves for a life in Christ.
Pentecostal churches were first founded in Australia in 1909 and several denominations were organised in the 1930s.
The Pentecostal movement has traditionally been closely aligned with strong charismatic individuals, and seemed to arise independently in the UK, Australia, India, South African and the USA.
Pentecostalism has expanded rapidly since the 1960s, and is one of the fastest-growing Christian movements in many countries, including Australia.
Although this list is not exhaustive, other important churches are: The Church of the Foursquare Gospel; Apostolic Church; Christian Revival Crusade; Full Gospel Churches, Christian Life churches; Christian Outreach Centres; Associated Christian Assemblies; Christian City Church International; Australian Christian Fellowships; New Testament Church of God; Potters House; Revival Centres.
The sudden manifestation of spiritual power in the Azusa St Mission in Los Angeles in 1906 is generally regarded as the birth of the modern Pentecostal movement.Pentecostalism is spirit-driven, whereas the initial Protestant reform movement was Word (Bible) driven.